In the hearing, you have to tell the reasons why you fled from your country. Many people call the hearing the interview.
The hearing is very important. Therefore, you should prepare well. There is a brochure on the website asyl.net and a film on the website asylindeutschland.de. Ask an advice office and say that you need help for the hearing.
It may take a short time or a long time before you have your hearing.
After the hearing, the BAMF decides whether or nor you can stay in Germany. The BAMF also decides with which status you are allowed to stay in Germany.
If you are living in a reception facility (EA), you will be given the appointment for the hearing in a letter, or the appointments will be in a list which is displayed in the EA. Sometimes the hearing takes place very soon after you make your asylum application. Ask the advisors in the reception facility. If you are living in a communal residence (Gemeinschafts-Unterkunft, GU), you will be told your appointment for the hearing in a letter. You always have to be at the hearing at 8 o'clock in the morning. However, it is possible that the actual hearing will take place later. You can stay overnight in the reception facility the night before the hearing. Your expenses for travelling to the hearing will be covered. Ask the Sozialamt.
You have to go to this appointment. If you cannot go to the appointment (for example because you are ill), talk to an advice office.
Preparing for the hearing
The hearing is very important. Therefore, you should prepare well. There is a brochure on the website asyl.net and a film on the website asylindeutschland.de. You can find a list of question which are often asked in the interview here. Bear in mind that these are only examples of possible questions. You may be asked other question. Also, it is your resposibility to tell everything relevant in your interview, even if you are not asked directly. Tell what happened to you in your country and why you are in danger if you have to go back. Ask an advice office and say that you need help for the hearing.
Fast-track procedure for „Safe countries of origin“
The german government calls some countries „safe countries of origin“. Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Ghana, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Senegal and Serbia are currenly „safe countries of origin“. You can find more information in the chapter on information for people from „safe countries of origin“.
The BAMF often does a fast-track asylum process for people from so-called „safe countries of origin“. The BAMF wants to reject your claim quickly. Prepare yourself well for the hearing! Go quickly to an advice office!